|Mexico women's generosity helps Central
American migrants along perilous route
|By Joseph Sorrentino | May 23, 2012
A group of women known as "Las Patronas" (after her hometown La Patrona,
Veracruz, Mexico) have taken upon themselves to provide food and water to Central
American migrants as they travel in freight trains. Photo by Joseph Sorrentino
|Related video: Las Patronas by Future Shorts
Published by the Hispanic Institute of Social Issues in Phoenix, Arizona
|HISTORY IS ABOUT
Founded in 2002
Published by the Hispanic Institute of Social Issues
|Click on image to enlarge map
|Veracruz, Mexico – For seventeen years, a group of women in La Patrona, Veracruz, has
been handing out food and water to Central American migrants riding cargo trains north in
search of work.
Their story began in February, 1995 when two sisters, Bernarda Romero Vázquez and Rosa
Romero Vázquez, were standing with their groceries at a train crossing in the village, waiting
for the train to pass.
Migrants on the first train car began shouting, “Madre, I’m hungry.”
The shout was picked up by people on the second car. When shouts came from a third car,
the women tossed them their food.
“It’s wrong," said Bernarda "...here we have beans, tortillas and a cup of coffee, and they
Soon after, Bernarda and Rosa met with their parents and other siblings and the family
decided to hand out food and water to migrants. The women, who have come to be known
as Las Patronas, haven’t missed a day in seventeen years.
“(Before,) we didn’t know that migration existed. We thought that they were Mexicans who
were venturing to see all of our country," says Norma, Bernarda’s sister and the group’s
The migrants are coming mainly from Guatemala, Honduras and Salvador, with a few from
Nicaragua. Most are hoping to make it to the U.S. to find work but first they must make it
through Mexico, where they risk being robbed, beaten, kidnapped, murdered. The passage
through La Patrona is one of the few bright spots on their trip.
There are currently fifteen women in Las Patronas and they’re all volunteers. They begin
cooking about 9:30 in the morning and finish their work around 9:00 at night. In the
beginning, the women donated all the food and cooked it in their individual houses. Now,
they get much of the food donated and work together in a large kitchen built on land
donated by Crisoforo Romero Arragan, Bernarda and Rosa’s father.
“My mother would make her food and then increased it," said Norma. "My other sister would
make her food and then increased it, too. Little by little we were taking more lunches and
from there we organized to give more meals.”
Norma, Bernarda and Rosa's mother, Leonila Vázquez Alvizar, and two other of their sisters
are also part of Las Patronas. “The poor people...all of them say, 'Madre, madre, thank you,'"
Leonila says. "This is the satisfaction that we keep in our hearts. They give us thanks.”
The trains have no set schedule. Some days, only one train passes by. Other days, it may be
as many as three. The women meet every one. They don't get paid in money but, Norma
said, “I believe that the best payment that we get is the blessings of all these people who
Contact Las Patronas: firstname.lastname@example.org or www.lapatrona.org.mx (under construction).
About Author: Joseph Sorrentino is a writer and photographer based in Rochester, NY. He has been
documenting the ongoing crisis in rural Mexico since 2003. For more images of Las Patronas visit: